Intramural R&D expenditure (GERD) by sectors of performance [rd_e_gerdtot]
Last update: 24-09-2020
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SECTPERF
UNIT
TIME
GEO
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
European Union - 27 countries (from 2020) 473.7 490.8 519 537.2 543.9 558.2 582.7 594.9 629.2 660.3
European Union - 28 countries (2013-2020) 473 490.9 516.7 535.6 542.4 562.2 594.1 597.9 625.8 656.7
Euro area - 19 countries (from 2015) 551.6 567.7 598 615.6 621.6 640.2 664.1 678.9 715.2 749.7
Belgium 644 690.7 742.8 795.3 822.1 854.3 900.4 959.5 1,045.5 1,079.8(e)
Bulgaria 24.7 29 29.8 34.6 36.6 46.9 60.4 52.5 54.7 60.1
Czechia 184.6 200.3 243.4 273.9 285 294 308.4 280.8 324.5 377.6
Denmark 1,282 1,281.6 1,312.7 1,360 1,371.8 1,376.2 1,473.7 1,534.2 1,551.4(p) 1,580.9(p)
Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG) 818 855.9 942 984.8 990.1 1,043.1 1,093.4 1,121.7 1,206.4 1,264.2
Estonia 147.8 174.6 289.1 287.3 247 217.9 230.3 205.4 231.3 277.2
Ireland 605(e) 586.8(e) 583.2(e) 595.7(e) 610.3(e) 639.8 664.6 671.8 768.2 669.1
Greece 133.9(e) 121.6(e) 125.1 120.7 133.2 136.2 156.9 162.7 189.3 202.9
Spain 315.4 313.8 303.9 286 278.5 275.6 283.6 285.5 302.2 320.3
France 665.7 672.3(b) 694.3 712.6 722 724.2 749.9(p) 745.1 757.7(p) 773.6(e)
Croatia 88.3 77.9 78.4 77.2 83.2 80 88.7 96 101.9 122.2
Italy 325.6 331.6 333.7 345.2 351.6 358.3(e) 364.5 382(b) 392.7 417.2
Cyprus 104.1 105.2 107 99 101 104.3 100.7 116.5 128.9 154
Latvia 39.2 51.2 67.8 71.7 69.1 81.3 76.6 56.1 70.7 96.3
Lithuania 70.2 69.9 92.6 99.3 111.9 128 133.4 113.4 133 151.8
Luxembourg 1,256.9 1,202.4 1,233.6 1,069.6(b) 1,127.9 1,146.7 1,204.4 1,235.8 1,220.1 1,208.3(p)
Hungary 106.4 112.4 120.6 126.6 142.8 144.7 153.3 139.5 170.8 209.8(b)
Malta 77.3 96.7 111 141.9 139.8 141 162.6 130.3 143.2 156.9
Netherlands 631.3 657.1 734.6(b) 747.9(b) 759.6 788.4 810.4 833 857 963.5
Austria 897.4 965.9(e) 988.2 1,104.6(e) 1,132.4 1,207.7(e) 1,223 1,281(e) 1,286.9 1,372.7(p)
Poland 55 68.6 74.5 90.1 90.3 101.6 113.6 108.3 127.3 158.5
Portugal 262.4 260.8 242.7 220.1 215.4 214.1 215.4 231 250.7 269.1
Romania 27.2 28.2 32.5(b) 32.1 27.9 28.8 39.4 41.4 48.1 52.5
Slovenia 323.2 364.4 436.2(b) 451.6 454.1 431.9 413.5 393.4 388.4 431.9
Slovakia 56.3 77.2 86.9 108.3 112.9 123.6 171 118.1 137.8 138
Finland 1,274.1 1,302.7 1,332.7 1,264.9 1,231.7 1,194.6 1,109.5 1,080 1,121.7 1,167.7
Sweden 1,154.1 1,270.8(e) 1,397.4 1,464.9(e) 1,507.6(e) 1,411.3(e) 1,504.3 1,537(p) 1,615 1,544.6
United Kingdom 467.9(e) 491.6(e) 500.6(b) 524.5(e) 532 589.9(e) 671.9 618.3(e) 603 632.3
Iceland 766 : 825.3(be) : 638(b) 801 1,047 1,193.1 1,350.1 1,276.8
Norway 999.9 1,099.6 1,185 1,289.1 1,286.9 1,262.3 1,302.2 1,308.5 1,410.5 1,431.9
Switzerland : : : 2,081.7 : : 2,507.6 : 2,355.9 :
Montenegro : : 16.6 : 20.3 20.2 22 20.6 24.1 37.7
North Macedonia : : : : : : 19.5 20.3 17.2 18.8
Serbia 36.2 30.3 33.4 39.8 34.7 35.9 40.7 43.6 48.6 56.3
Turkey 52.3 64 64.7 75.6 77.3 79 87.7 93.6 90.8 83.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina : : : 9.3 : : : : : :
Russia 77.6 91.6 104.5 122.5 : 115.8 : : : :
United States 948.4(d) 998.6(d) 989.5(d) 1,075.8(d) 1,082.3(d) 1,125.3(d) 1,390(d) 1,443.5(d) 1,493.4(p) 1,503.9(d)
China except Hong Kong 45.6(b) 58.7 71.7 93.8 106.6 116.2 147.8 154.2 166 :
Japan 947.9 1,054.6 1,124.1 1,215 1,010.3(b) 978.5 1,021.3 1,108.4 1,090.8 1,086.8(b)
South Korea 433.9 577.7 648.2 763 808.8 898.3 1,029 1,055.2 1,201.5 1,278.7
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Available flags:
b break in time series
c confidential
d definition differs, see metadata
e estimated
f forecast
n not significant
p provisional
r revised
s Eurostat estimate
u low reliability
z not applicable
Source of data: Eurostat