Share of R&D personnel and researchers in total active population and employment by sector of performance and sex [rd_p_perslf]
Last update: 10-03-2021
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SEX
PROF_POS
SECTPERF
UNIT
TIME
GEO
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
European Union - 27 countries (from 2020) 1.074(e) 1.1063 1.131 1.1462 1.1654 1.2033 1.2329 1.2976 1.364 1.4052(p)
European Union - 28 countries (2013-2020) 1.0828(e) 1.1122 1.1327 1.1539 1.1776 1.2167 1.2424 1.3082 1.3728 1.4166(p)
Euro area - 19 countries (from 2015) 1.1787(e) 1.2101 1.2336 1.2484 1.2658 1.3077 1.3343 1.3987 1.4571 1.5028(p)
Belgium 1.2371 1.3057 1.3824 1.3854 1.4796 1.5753 1.605(e) 1.6738 1.7606(e) 1.9064(p)
Bulgaria 0.4893 0.5144 0.5072 0.528 0.5843 0.6866 0.7831 0.7105 0.7966 0.8058
Czechia 1.0071 1.0823 1.1658 1.1889 1.2379 1.2773 1.2588 1.3288 1.4234 1.5068(p)
Denmark 2.0065 2.0486 2.0708 2.0869 2.1016 2.1492 2.2088 2.0989 2.067 2.1239(p)
Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG) 1.3657 1.4222 1.4585 1.4422 1.4766 1.5578 1.569 1.6305 1.6812 1.7305(e)
Estonia 0.7983 0.8608 0.8898 0.8944 0.8935 0.8618 0.8772 0.9095 0.9284 0.9696(p)
Ireland 0.894(e) 0.9895(e) 1.347 1.4539 1.5231 1.4438 1.3153 1.5675 1.5465(e) 1.5823
Greece : 0.7597(b) 0.7738 0.8818 0.9125 1.0481 0.8831 1.0122 1.1011 1.1833(p)
Spain 0.9566 0.9239 0.897 0.8823 0.8777 0.8823 0.9087 0.9564 0.9983 1.0148(p)
France 1.381(b) 1.3985 1.4208 1.4358 1.4324 1.4689(p) 1.4796 1.5101(p) 1.5428(p) 1.5856(e)
Croatia 0.5804 0.577 0.5681 0.5769 0.5368 0.5708 0.6388 0.6518 0.7307 0.8197(p)
Italy 0.9322 0.9397 0.9672 0.9944 0.9963 1.0368 1.149(b) 1.2535 1.3646 1.4072(p)
Cyprus 0.3184 0.3093 0.2923 0.2933 0.302 0.3016 0.3323 0.3682 0.4285 0.4299(p)
Latvia 0.538 0.5394 0.556 0.5473 0.5941 0.5772 0.535 0.5685 0.6144 0.6362(p)
Lithuania 0.8243 0.769 0.7228 0.7716 0.816 0.7397 0.7623 0.8222 0.8461 0.9179
Luxembourg 2.1711 2.2183 1.9282(b) 1.9819 2.0124 1.9197 1.9506 1.9388 1.8534 1.9381(p)
Hungary 0.7547 0.8105 0.8378 0.8875 0.8459 0.8219 0.7871 0.8857 1.1928(b) 1.2392
Malta 0.6404 0.7744 0.7864 0.7135 0.7292 0.6902 0.6998 0.6822 0.6295 0.6083(p)
Netherlands 1.1721 1.3684(b) 1.4074(b) 1.5506(b) 1.5694 1.5986 1.6505 1.7081 1.7658 1.7818(p)
Austria 1.445(e) 1.4648 1.5416(e) 1.5533 1.6395(e) 1.6531 1.7036(e) 1.7146 1.8101(p) 1.8747(p)
Poland 0.4849 0.5022 0.531 0.5482 0.6084 0.6384 0.6591 0.8517 0.9648 0.985
Portugal 0.9217 0.9653 0.9348 0.9324 0.9421 0.9699 1.0204 1.1061 1.1687 1.2323
Romania 0.2922 0.3381(b) 0.3518 0.3681 0.3534 0.3537 0.3707 0.3698 0.3645 0.3614
Slovenia 1.2724 1.53(b) 1.5034 1.5383 1.5001 1.434 1.4667 1.4553 1.5454 1.6733(p)
Slovakia 0.6746 0.6789 0.6726 0.6351 0.6499 0.647 0.6489 0.6974 0.7471 0.7847
Finland 2.1221 2.0677(b) 2.0495 2.0203 1.992 1.9231 1.8137 1.8595 1.8766 1.9293
Sweden 1.6039(e) 1.6052(e) 1.6556(e) 1.6312(e) 1.6678(e) 1.6564(e) 1.7782(p) 1.7134 1.7523 1.717(e)
Iceland : 1.8971(b) : 1.5636(b) : 1.625 1.7457 1.6783 1.6435 :
Norway 1.4322 1.4524 1.457 1.4759 1.5316 1.5931 1.643 1.7362 1.7304 1.7919
Switzerland : : 1.7084 : : 1.7718 : 1.7442 : :
United Kingdom 1.1415(e) 1.1513(e) 1.144(e) 1.2043(e) 1.2568(e) 1.3037 1.3033(e) 1.377(e) 1.4286(e) 1.4897(p)
Montenegro : 0.2198 : 0.2126 0.2297 0.2548 0.2337 0.2279 0.2499 :
North Macedonia 0.1542 0.1188 0.1787 0.1645 0.2059 0.2139 0.2244 0.1974 0.2109 0.2021
Serbia : : : : 0.6378 0.7143 0.7042 0.6747 0.674 0.6697
Turkey 0.3313(e) 0.3601(e) 0.3987(e) 0.414(e) 0.411(e) 0.4231 0.4602 0.4986 0.5487 0.5778
Russia 1.1129 1.1074 1.0947 : : : : : : :
United States : : : : : : : : : :
China except Hong Kong : : : : : : : : : :
Japan : : : : : : : : : :
South Korea 1.3546 1.4398 : : : : : : : :
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Available flags:
b break in time series
c confidential
d definition differs, see metadata
e estimated
f forecast
n not significant
p provisional
r revised
s Eurostat estimate
u low reliability
z not applicable
Source of data: Eurostat